Football is arguably America’s favorite and most popular sport. No one likes the person who is always asking questions during a football game like “Wait, what just happened?” or “why do they do that?”. Football is a pretty simple sport played with eleven players on the field, and is broken up into 3 sections; offense, defense and special teams. The ultimate goal of football is to run, pass or kick the ball to the other side of the field. And out score the other team.
Offense is the easiest to understand of the three. The player throwing the ball is called the quarterback, he is usually the captain of the team and is in charge of the plays. The quarterback throws to the wide receivers. there is about 3 to 4 on the field at a time. They don’t run wherever they like, their are plays that tells them where to run so the quarterback can throw the ball to them. The big athletes in the front are the lineman they are in charge of protecting the quarterback and blocking for the running back. Linemen are one of the the most important parts of the offense. The offense’s main goal is to score on the defense every time they get the ball.
Defense is a little more difficult to understand but have a goal of stopping the offense from scoring. Defense is broken up into three parts, defensive line, defensive backs and linebackers. The goal of the defensive line is to stop the quarterback or running back from running the ball past them. They also rush the quarterback when he is throwing the ball. The linebackers are the athletes behind the defensive line. Linebackers are usually the players that make the most tackles and they too sometimes rush the quarterback or they drop back to cover wide receivers. The defensive backs cover the wide receivers from catching the ball they are also the last line of defense they make sure things don't get out of hand so the other team doesn't score.
The last main part to football is special teams. Special teams is the part of the team that kicks the ball to the other team. Special teams is also the part of the team that receives the ball after it's been kicked, and tries to return it into the endzone. After the offense scores special teams is in charge of getting the, PAT, point after touchdown. This is where the kicker tries to kick the ball from the two yard line through the field goal posts for one extra point.
Football has a lot of difficult terms to understand these are some of the ones you will want to understand:
Tackle- This is when the defense stops the player with the ball by bringing them down to the grass.
Down- Football has 4 “downs” to move the ball ten yards. A down goes from when the play starts till when the player with the ball gets tackled or the quarterback throws an incomplete pass.
First down- A first down is when the offense goes past the ten yards to keep on having more downs to try to score. There is a second down, third down and fourth down. On fourth down the offense usually punts the ball or if they are close enough they kick it between the big yellow poles, field goal posts, to get 3 points.
Touchdown- A touchdown is when the offense runs or catches the ball in the end zone of the opposing side. A touchdown is worth 6 points and gives you an opportunity to score an extra point.
Line of scrimmage- The imaginary line that separates the teams at the beginning of the play.
Sack- Occurs when the quarterback is tackled behind the line of scrimmage before he throws the ball.
Interception- This happens when a player from the defense catches the ball from the offense’s quarterback, when he is tackled they get the possession.
Turnover- When the opposing team gets the ball either by a punt, a fumble or an interception
Field- A football field is 100 yards long with “end zones” on either end. The field is split into 10 yard sections lengthwise, and is 53 yards wide.